How many is too many when making errors in Aviation English?
English learning advice from Aviation English Asia. Article written by Michael McBride
In this article I am going to focus on accuracy and making errors in Aviation English communication. As ICAO state, “errors may occur” at ICAO Level 4. This article will examine what kind of errors you can reasonably make and what you need to do to be as accurate as possible. To be accurate is also to be realistic, you cannot expect to be correct in what you say all of the time, so what ‘errors’ are important and what aren’t to be ICAO operational?
What is an error and what is a mistake?
The basic difference is that an “error” is something you do not know the answer to, maybe through a lack of knowledge or skills. A “mistake” is when you forget the answer to something you previously knew. So we must look further into the first term – error. This is where problems can arise and what you need to target in getting your message across even without being 100% accurate and using other words and communication strategies. Let’s look at the term in more detail by separating it into the following: -
- Global error – something is said incorrectly and it affects the meaning entirely
- Local error – some parts of what is said is wrong but overall it doesn’t change the meaning, it is understood to a good extent.
As you probably would guess ICAO will tolerate local errors more, as they state the candidate “rarely makes global errors…and some local errors.” In other words you must avoid making global errors as much as possible and understand that local errors could still guarantee ICAO level 4 as long as it is not frequent. Which do you think is local and global from the following: -
#1 “My job is check first the aircraft status.”
#2 “My jos is first the aircraft status.”
#1 is not grammatically correct, but the meaning is clear = local
#2 could be interpreted correctly but it is unclear and when in a pilot-controller situation (as one example) is there enough time to try to understand what is spoken? It totally interferes with the interaction = global
Advice and information on how to reduce errors
Do you think mis-communicating “he speak” rather than “he speaks” on the radio will be seen as a major problem in the eyes of ICAO requirements? Is it really crucial to meaning? Well, the simple answer is that it is a local error and if all you need is Level 4 it is not a serious issue, it depends how far you want to go, ICAO level wise. I must stress that ICAO is more interested in appropriacy and intelligibility than correctness all the time, which means not everything has to be correct but it must be understood overall. As I have mentioned in previous articles, you need to practice communication strategies to reduce errors and increase accuracy which can be helped by practising the following: -
- Synonyms – use words of similar/same meaning if you forget your first thought
- Word families – practice the different forms of words eg. extend, extension, extended, which one is used when?
- ‘Invent’ new words rather than struggling to remember the correct word for something e.g. “animal container” instead of “cage”
Furthermore you must always be able to check and clarify certain uncertain interactions, which ICAO state as “using clarification strategies” when communication problems arise. Do not give up, you might not be accurate with a message first time around, so adopt the 3 Cs rule. Clarify, Check and Confirm. Which “C” do you think applies to the following: -
- “Is the altimeter 1014”?
- “What is the altimeter setting?”
The 3Cs provide a way to make less mistakes in interactions and carrying out a full procedure in the air or on the ground.
Answers – Check, confirm, clarify
An error is only an error if it is not understandable to the vast majority of speakers/listeners. You must focus on working on the core sounds of words to become more accurate in terms of pronunciation (previous article) and the above strategies in terms of vocabulary and understanding. In conclusion, remember that your training time might be limited with due to your schedule, so do not worry too much about local errors like missing out the/a/an and “s” in 3rd person verbs, your instructor will probably not focus too much on correcting this. Of course this depends on what level you need and your current English ability.
Enrol in a course with Aviation English Asia. Practice and interact in English with colleagues, Aviation personnel and friends using Aviation related topics, such as discussions and even arguments. Your Aviation English course will be communicative, which means that you must talk, make mistakes and not give up to gain fully from the course. After all, the ICAO recommended testing system is communicative, which I will focus on in the coming weeks.
Re-write the following sentences, which ones do you think would be acceptable for ICAO Level 4?
- Avion Air 734, has things in the air flying around, need you
- Something in the cabin, possibly fighting
- It seem to coming out of cargo hold
- He have problem with baby out now
- Some local errors are acceptable, meaning and intelligibility is more important than full and complete accuracy.
- Communication and clarification strategies should be practiced
- It is good to make mistakes in your training, keep at it, and don’t give up. Continually focus on communication of Aviation related topics in and out of the classroom. Errors and mistakes should reduce the more you practice and communicate (speaking and listening).
What to do next
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